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Thursday, October 20, 2016

Poverty???


This week has marked the international day for the eradication of poverty. They day has definitely given us something to think about while volunteering for International Service. Here’s what I found out. Poverty is general scarcity, death or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. It is a multifaceted concept which includes social, economic and political elements. Poverty may be defined as either absolute or relative.

   The most common effect of poverty is malnutrition; this is commonly or especially seen in children of poor families.  People living within poverty rarely have access to highly nutritious foods. Poor malnutrition causes 45 percent of deaths in children under the age of 2 to 3 years who live in poverty.


The causes of poverty include:

-          Changing trends in a countries economy

-          Lack of education

-          High divorce rate which causes feminization of poverty

-          Having a culture of poverty

-          Over population

-          Population wide epidemics such as AIDS and other diseases.

-          Lack of rain fall, particularly within the African continent.

 


    There are many theories on how to find solutions to poverty. These include the creation of jobs, raising the minimum wage, access to sanitation and water and microfinancing schemes. Although many of these sound simple, development work is still in full force within poverty stuck countries. Poverty eradication isn’t a simple task however, with determination and passion we can take one step at a time to work on this issue.


Mary Yamusah

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